Results of a large randomized clinical trial indicate that in low-risk nulliparas, elective induction of labor (IOL) at 39 weeks lowers rates of cesarean delivery (CD) without significantly increasing adverse perinatal outcomes. Plus, more coverage from The Pregnancy Meeting.
Hormone therapy (HT) can prevent development of depressive symptoms among initially euthymic perimenopausal and early postmenopausal women, according to results of a study. Plus: Does prenatal choline exposure promote cognition in infants?
Results of a study of fetal ultrasounds show that maternal obesity has an impact on fetal growth as early as 32 weeks’ gestation. Plus: Breast cancer risks increased by 21% in women who consumed more than 9 g of processed meat per day, according to a published study. Also: Does prenatal use of topiramate increase risk of cleft palate?
An updated review of evidence by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) underscores concerns expressed in 2014 by the agency about use of laparoscopic power morcellators (LPM) for treatment of uterine fibroids. Plus: Prescription habits show ob/gyns not well informed about opioids, according to a study. Also: Does ADHD medication use during pregnancy increase risk of congenital malformations?
Three Phase 1 human clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of an Army-developed Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV) vaccine have shown it to be safe and well tolerated, according to a recent study. Plus: Another study has found an association between postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms (VMS), including hot flashes and night sweats, and elevated risk of diabetes.
A multinational randomized controlled trial indicates, for what may be the first time, that continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) may have health benefits that go well beyond control of maternal hyperglycemia. Plus: Does postmenopausal HT impact risk of stroke? Also: A study suggests that late puberty affects bone mineral density.
A recently published meta-analysis has found a relationship between a woman’s vitamin D levels and the success rate of assisted reproduction therapy (ART). Plus: Is progesterone effective in preventing preterm birth? Also: Results of a large cohort study show that women whose BMI is below or above normal before pregnancy may be at increased risk of complications or death associated with birth.
According to a study, a pregnant woman’s use of acetaminophen may be associated with increased risk of her child developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Plus: Another study says race is sole indicator of breast reconstruction likelihood. Also: FDA issues guidance on labeling for surgical aspirators.
New interim guidance from The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) emphasizes the need for standard screening and monitoring of infants with possible congenital Zika virus infection plus hearing screening and specific testing and evaluation in three clinical scenarios. Plus: Are at-risk women commonly tested for rectal gonorrhea, chlamydia? Also: According to a study, ovarian cancer may originate in fallopian tubes.
A new report from The American Cancer Society shows that in every US state, breast cancer incidence rates are higher in non-Hispanic white (NHW) women than in non-Hispanic black (NHB) women, but rates of death from the disease, however, are higher in NHB women than in NHW women. Also: Is second-stage labor longer with epidural analgesia? Plus, a study finds that ovarian reserve biomarkers are not associated with fertility.